Can an order for alimony be modified in the future?
That varies somewhat from state to state.
In some cases, dual income spouses who were married for a relatively short time (usually less than ten years), irrevocably waive their right to seek alimony from each other, in order to avoid protracted litigation. This waiver may then become part of the final Judgment of Dissolution, and thereafter each spouse is precluded from seeking any alimony from the other. There would then be no way that one ex-spouse can seek alimony form the other, regardless of circumstances.
In other cases, a court may order the payer spouse make certain alimony payments to the supported spouse for a set period of time. Before the expiration of that time, the supported spouse may petition the court to modify the amount or duration of alimony payments based upon a material change of circumstances since the previous order.
In a long term marriage, or where the court has reserved continuing jurisdiction over the amount and duration of alimony, either spouse may petition the court to modify the amount and duration of alimony payments, based upon a material change of circumstances since the previous order.
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