What actions must a creditor take in a bankruptcy case?

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What actions must a creditor take in a bankruptcy case?

The most common participation by a creditor in a consumer bankruptcy case is to file a proof of claim and share in the liquidation of the bankruptcy estate or under a proposed plan. The bankruptcy estate is overseen by the trustee who distributes the bankruptcy estate to the creditors after deducting trustee expenses, administrative costs, and paying priority claims, such as those made by the government. In most Chapter 7 bankruptcies there are few or no assets in the bankruptcy estate.

A proof of claim that is properly filed in accordance with the rules governing bankruptcy cases is evidence of the claim’s validity and amount and is deemed allowed unless the debtor or an interested third party objects. Unsecured creditors will not receive a distribution from the bankruptcy estate unless a proper proof of claim has been filed. The proof of claim must be filed within 90 days of the date when the meeting of creditors was first set (not including any continuances).

(Reviewed 11.3.08)

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